Read المقصد الأسنى في شرح أسماء الله الحسنى by أبو حامد محمد الغزالي Online

المقصد الأسنى في شرح أسماء الله الحسنى

In this work, here presented in a complete English edition for the first time, the problem of knowing God is confronted in an original and stimulating way. Taking up the Prophet's teaching that 'Ninety-nine Beautiful Names' are truly predicated of God, the author explores the meaning and resonance of each of these divine names, and reveals the functions they perform both iIn this work, here presented in a complete English edition for the first time, the problem of knowing God is confronted in an original and stimulating way. Taking up the Prophet's teaching that 'Ninety-nine Beautiful Names' are truly predicated of God, the author explores the meaning and resonance of each of these divine names, and reveals the functions they perform both in the cosmos and in the soul of the spiritual adept. Although some of the book is rigorously analytical, the author never fails to attract the reader with his profound mystical and ethical insights, which, conveyed in his sincere and straightforward idiom, have made of this book one of the perennial classics of Muslim thought, popular among Muslims to this day....

Title : المقصد الأسنى في شرح أسماء الله الحسنى
Author :
Rating :
ISBN : 2745134108
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 232 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

المقصد الأسنى في شرح أسماء الله الحسنى Reviews

  • Tim
    2019-05-13 04:06

    "it is odd that one may say: 'I know only God', and be right, and say: 'Only God - great and glorious - knows God', yet also be right". (47)When speaking of knowledge of a divine essence that transcends everything human, we must have a method that conforms to our own level of understanding - and human levels of understanding are themselves varied and diverse according to the individual. Hence one reason the Qur'an itself is such a divine miracle, it is uniquely constructed to have multiple levels of meaning which are able to fill to overflowing the "shape" of the cup or receptacle of the individual person, a metaphor that is often used in Islamic thinking. Names are a way of knowing. The name can point to uniqueness, definition, meaning, the nature of the individual object, but the name is not that object in its essence. This is a fundamentally important distinction that Ghazali clarifies in his first section - philosophical in nature - where he discusses the differences between "the word, the knowledge, and the object known" (7) and elsewhere the differing concepts of "name, naming and named" (9).In knowing a name, we can have a limited understanding of something, and in the case of God, we can only hope to have an understanding of the divine attributes through the names, which each signal a part of the nature of God. Yet the attribute is not the essence in and of itself. It is simply a form of self-disclosure of the essence of The Real, a divine grace that has been given enabling proximity to God to the capacity of our human abilities. Ghazali talks about three ways of knowing God through the names or attributes, the first being a witnessing or unveiling, which is described as similar to "the certainty achieved by man in regard to his own inner qualities" (31). The second way of knowing is an intense longing to "possess" the attribute so "that they may grow closer to the Truth - in quality not in place" (31). Finally, there is the "effort to acquire whatever is possible of those attributes, to imitate them and be adorned with their good qualities..." (32). To speak of this in Sufi language, we would say that self-realization through imitation of the attributes works at combating the self of the lower soul which increases proximity to The Real. The Sufi practice of repetition and invocation of the names has deep mystical meanings of assuming the maximum human potential of the attribute and through this way participating in remembrance or "dhikr" of God.The Ninety-Nine Names of God as a doctrine came about from a Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) which states: "God has ninety-nine names - one-hundred minus one - and whoever enumerates them enters paradise" (175). This particular tradition was expanded on by one of the Prophet's companions, Abu Hurayra, who was one of the most important and reliable transmitters of Hadith statements. Huraryra himself went on to collect the list of Ninety-Nine names which Ghazali delineates. The Prophet (s.a.w.) also said that "God is characterized by the ninety-nine names, and whoever is characterized by one of them enters paradise" (149).Of course the most important of the Ninety-Nine Names is "Allah" which unites all other possible attributes of divinity, and which Ghazali describes as the closest to a "proper name" as it is used "for no one other than Him, neither literally nor metaphorically..." (51).Ghazali was a towering figure in Islamic history, largely due to his ability to bridge the gap in the Middle Ages between the exoteric and esoteric sciences. This work is authoritative on the names, and will remain for me close at hand as a constant reference.

  • Wael
    2019-04-27 23:52

    كتاب قيم يشرح فيه الغزالي الأسماء الحسنى المتفق عليها شرحا سلسا و عميقافي أن واحد ... كما يفسر الغزالي معنى الإسم و الصفة والفرق بينهما وبين الإسم والمسمى حتى يتبين الخيط الأبيض من الأسود في ما يخص الحلول و الإتحاد وإنتقال الصفاة من الله إلى عبده ...

  • Sfi-Fi
    2019-05-14 03:52

    كتيب قيم، اقتنيته بمحض الصدفة. يتعدى شرح أسماء الله الحسنى، إلى تنبيه القارئ إلى حظه من الإسم. وهذا لم يتأتى إلا بعد شرح حجة الإسلام و إطنابه في توضيح العلاقة بين التسمية و المسمى والاسم والمسمي رفقا بالقارئ اجتنابا لسوء الفهم. ومما قد يجول بخلد القارئ المتيقظ، تقارب بعض هاته الأسماء، فيرجو الحكمة منها، و السبب في إحصائها في 99 إسما فقط، غير الإسم الأعظم وما دون ذلك من التساؤلات. ويجيب أبو حامد على معظم اللبس الذي يحيط بمفاهيم الصوفية : كالحلول، والمكاشفة، والإتحاد، وما إلى ذلك من سلوك ووصول وولاية."إعلم أن من لم يكن حظه من معاني أسماء الله تعالى إلا بأن يسمع لفظه، ويفهم في اللغة تفسيره ووصفه ويعتقد بالقلب وجود معناه في الله تعالى /فهو مبخوس الحظ/ نازل الدرجة، ليس يحسن به أن يتبجح بما ناله.فإن سماع اللفظ لا يستدعي إلا سلامة حاسة السمع التي بها يدرك الأصوات وهذه رتبة يشارك البهيمة فيها.وأما فهم وضعه في اللغة، فلا يستدعي إلا معرفته العربية وهذه رتبة يشارك فيها الأديب اللغوي، بل الغبي البدوي.وأما اعتقاد ثبوت معناه لله تعالى من غير كشف، فلا يستدعي إلا فهم معاني هذه الألفاظ والتصديق بها. وهذه رتبة يشارك فيها العامي، بل الصبي...فإنه بعد فهم الكلام إذا ألقى إليه هذه المعاني تلقاها، ولقنها، واعتقدها بقلبه، وصمم عليها[...] ولكنه نقص ظاهر إلى ذروة الكمال؛ فإن حسنات الأبرار سيئات المقربين."

  • عبدُ الرَّحمن
    2019-04-27 00:39

    مفيد. وإن كان معقدًا ولكنه يفتح البصائر أمام أمور مهمة في الإسلام. منها أن العابد الحق لله يعبد الله لله، لا من أجل جنة أو خوفًا من نار، كما يتم تربيتنا في المدارس والمساجد، ويرسم معظم الشباب أحلامهم مع حور العين.. إلخ!فيما يلي كلام الإمام أبو حامد الغزالي، النقاط بدل كلام شرح لم أورده في الاقتباس: "ومن طلب شيئًا لغيره لا لذاته، فكأنه لم يطلبه، فإنه ليس غاية طلبه، بل غاية طلب غيره.... من يعبد الله - عزوجل - للجنة، فقد جعل - سبحانه وتعالى - واسطة طلبه، ولم يجعله غاية مطلبه، وعلامة الواسطة أنه لو حصلت الفائدة دونها لم تطلب، كما لو حصلت المقاصد دون الذهب لم يكن الذهب محبوبًا ولا مطلوبًا، فالمحبوب بالحقيقة، الغاية المطلوبة دون الذهب، ولو حصلت الجنة لمن يعبد الله لأجلها دون عبادة الله - عزوجل- لما عَبَدَ الله، فمحبوبه ومطلوبه الجنة إذًا لا غير...إن العارف بالله تعالى هو الذي يعبد الله - عزوجل - خالصًا لله، لا لحظ وراءه."

  • Jimmy Ele
    2019-05-04 04:56

    Very insightful book. There are moments throughout the book where I had to quote passages and re-read them several times. At times I had to put the book down, knowing that it would be best to ruminate on what was written than to keep reading. Doing this helped me to fathom the depth of what was being read.

  • Umar
    2019-05-03 01:41

    Finished reading this last night. A short read but nice nonetheless. Not many books out there that discuss the 99 Names of God in Islam and so this is one of the few. I was glad Imam Ghazali wrote this but I had a few misgivings.The positive stuff is he tries to cover every single Name in its relation to God and sees how it can be applicable to a practicing Muslim, whether they can embody it or not- you can be generous, but can't create. Also there are some good linguistic/etymological distinctions between some of the Names. Some of the Names are more broader than others, while others are very specific in a way only God is. I had misgivings about the fact some Names were very shortly described, that Imam Ghazali gets brief near the end so he didn't sound repetitive, even though I think this is one topic worth exploring endlessly. Other odd things include a 4 page description of a water-clock as an analogy- that...was a little much. If all else, this book is good to foster 'high-minded' thinking and spiritual inspiration. A little perspective from the Most High.

  • إيمان عبد المنعم
    2019-05-18 03:58

    كتاب جيد وله في شرح أسماء الله الحسنى لطائف روحانية عالية وإن كان لا يخلو من بعض أفكار صوفية غريبة قليلة وبعض من التنظير الجاف الذي اضطررت لتجاوزه في مقدمة الكتاب .

  • Kim Shively
    2019-04-27 22:44

    It's hard to know how to evaluate this work. I think it's the kind of work that needs several readings and a commentary.

  • Mustafa Maher Tawfik
    2019-05-18 01:04

    جميل علي قصره , عميق المعني , دقيق اللفظ , مفهم التمثيل .رضي الله عن الامام الرباني , مجدد المئة الخامسة و علمنا من علومه

  • Heru Be
    2019-05-12 23:01

    Materi Asmaul Husna adalah materi yang--mungkin--cukup berat. Nah, aku mencoba membaca beberapa buku tentang Asmaul Husna, termasuk karya Al-Ghazali ini, seorang ulama yang sudah tidak asing lagi. Entah karena memang materinya, entah cara penerjemahannya, entah pula kapasitas berpikirku, buku ini belum memberikan gas hidrogen untuk meringankan materi yang sesungguhnya kuminati ini.#

  • Hammad Ali
    2019-05-17 03:07

    Great read, it's pretty short but a really good read nonetheless. I couldn't find the ITS translation online and I will most probably re-read it when I do but the Robert Charles Stade translation was pretty good. The book does get pretty hard at times, and it's not easy to grasp some of the concepts but over-all it's a great book.

  • Sarah
    2019-04-26 02:04

    A simultaneously philosophical yet practical look at the ninety-nine magnificent names of Allah. Part one is theoretical; part two makes Allah's name relevant and Ghazzali brilliantly shows us how we can make manifest each of Allah's names in our life.

  • Zahrah Awaleh
    2019-05-08 22:48

    A really useful book because it gives the Names of Allah with a description of how it relates to Allah and then how people can manifest those Names in their lives. It is brief in this matter, but very beneficial.

  • Abdullah Khan
    2019-04-27 01:37

    How to read this book Plz?

  • Aidan Griff
    2019-05-13 04:00

    Was used in studies for secondary reading.It's great!If you have the chance to go through the 99 names with a scholar, then do it!

  • Muhammad
    2019-04-27 03:00

    This is a great book. The first half of it is very philosophical. I eventually didn't finish reading it and went straight to the second half.

  • Penandinkpot Uzma
    2019-05-03 04:06

    This book forms one of the many books on the 99 Names of my Art. Read it and read it many times. alhum.

  • Shabana
    2019-04-20 01:40

    Getting through this book was difficult because the first chapter was so abstract, but once you get to the actual 99 names it gets much better...